see also Pharyngeal cancer
Laryngeal cancer is a squamous cell cancer.
Smoking and alcohol excess are, by far, the strongest risk factors for laryngeal cancer. HPV infection may play a role, although this is far less common compared.
- Supraglottic tumours usually cause upper airway obstruction
- Glottic tumours tend to first affect the voice
- Usually, there is some dysphagia
- Weight loss
- Sore throat
- +/- referred otalgia
- Neck mass
Like pharyngeal cancer, laryngeal cancer tends to present late.
- CT head and neck
- larygoscopy (flexible)
- FNA of lymph node
As with pharyngeal cancer, depending on the stage (which is usually late), tumours will be treated with a mix of surgery, radio- and chemotherapy.